EMPA/Hydrogen & Energy
Expert in hydrogen interaction
Nano-confinement of nitrogen and boron based hydrides

EMPA/Hydrogen & Energy
Expert in stability and kinetics
Andreas Borgschulte
Chinese Academy of Sciences/Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
Expert in catalysis for solid-state reactions and nanomaterials
Ping Chen
Chinese Academy of Sciences
CAS/Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
Expert in hydrogen storage
Yao Zhang

Project Description

The main aim of this project is the development of novel and safe boron respectively nitrogen containing hydrogen storage materials with the help of nano-structures.  Hydrogen is the ideal means of storage, transport and conversion of energy for a comprehensive clean-energy concept. The availability of a safe and effective way to store hydrogen reversibly is one of the major issues for its large scale use as an energy carrier. Hydrogen storage in solids offers a safe alternative to storage in compressed or liquid form. However, at present, no single material fulfilling all requirements is in sight. Amidoboranes and aluminium borohydride have high hydrogen content and release hydrogen at rather the low temperatures. However, these materials have been found emitting toxic and possibly explosive hydrogen containing species such as ammonia and diborane, which is a drawback for the reversibility of the materials and a severe safety issue. Efforts will be put to achieve the goal of not having toxic exhausted gas and to drive the kinetics and thermodynamic constraints of these systems toward technology application ranges. 

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Notable publications

Dehydrogenation Mechanism of Monoammoniated Lithium Amidoborane [Li(NH3)NH2BH3]
S. Bhattacharya, Z. Xiong, G. Wu, P. Chen, Y. P. Feng, C. Majumder, and G. P. Das
J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 8859?8864 (2012)

Posters from 2012

Nano-confinement of nitrogen and boron based hydrides
Callini, Borgschulte, Zuettel